Each client system is unique, a composite of factors
and characteristics within a given range of responses
contained within a basic structure.
Many known, unknown, and universal stressors exist.
Each differ in it’s potential for disturbing a
client’s usual stability level or normal LOD (Line of
The particular inter-relationships of client
variables at any point in time can affect the degree
to which a client is protected by the flexible LOD
against possible reaction to stressors.
Each client/ client system has evolved a normal range
of responses to the environment that is referred to as
a normal LOD. The normal LOD can be used as a standard
from which to measure health deviation.
When the flexible LOD is no longer capable of
protecting the client/ client system against an
environmental stressor, the stressor breaks through
the normal LOD
The client whether in a state of wellness or illness,
is a dynamic composite of the inter-relationships of
the variables. Wellness is on a continuum of available
energy to support the system in an optimal state of
Implicit within each client system are internal
resistance factors known as LOR, which function to
stabilize and realign the client to the usual wellness
Primary prevention relates to G.K. that is applied in
client assessment and intervention, in identification
and reduction of possible or actual risk factors.
Secondary prevention relates to symptomatology
following a reaction to stressor, appropriate ranking
of intervention priorities and treatment to reduce
their noxious effects.
Tertiary prevention relates to adjustive
processes taking place as reconstitution begins and
maintenance factors move the back in circular manner
toward primary prevention.
The client as a system is in dynamic, constant energy
exchange with the environment.