Nursing quiz

Pharmacology quiz

Pharmacology - 1

1. An inflammatory response characterized by chills, tachycardia, syncope and flushing of the face and trunk following rapid bolus administration of vancomycin is termed as: C

A. Red neck syndrome

B. Anaphylactic reaction

C. Rabit syndrome

D. Idiosyncrasy

Answer Key

2. Cyclobenzaprine is a:

A. Anticancer drug

B. Skeletal muscle relaxant

C. Antithyroid drug

D. Antiepileptic drug

Answer Key

3. Therapeutic serum drug level of theophylline is:

A. 0.8 to 2 ng/mL

B. 0.8 to 1.2 meq/dL

C. 5 to 20 µg/mL

D. 50 to 100 µg/mL

Answer Key

4. Aspirin should not be given to children or adolescents with viral diseases specially in varicella and influenza because of its association with :

A. Reye’s syndrome

B. Rett’s Syndrme

C. Anphylactic reaction

D. Hepatotoxicity

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5. Which one of the following listed drugs has the highest potential for postural hypotension:

A. Haloperidol

B. Loxapine

C. Trifluoperazine

D. Chlorpromazine

Answer Key

6. What is the usual antidepressant dose of fluoxetine:

A. 50-300 mg

B. 75 to 200 mg Copyright@

C. 20-80 mg

D. 150-600 mg

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7. The basic pharmacologic action of nitrates is to:

A. Decrease venous tone

B. Reducing blood return

C. Dilation of normal and stenotic epicardial coronary arteries

D. All of the above

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8. Which one of the following listed drugs is not a calcium channel blocking drug:

A. Diltiazem

B. Nifidipine

C. Propranolol 

D. Verapramil

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9. The major difference between cardiovascular effects dopamine and  those of dobutamine are  related to:

A. Dopamine’s ability to elicit systemic vasoconstriction owing to more potent activation of α-receptors

B. Dobutamine’s ineffective for stimulation of β-receptors

C. Dopamine’s ability to stimulate β-receptors

D. None of the above 

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10. Lidocaine is given either intravenously or intramuscularly because:

A. The drug undergoes 90% first-pass hepatic metabolism

B. The drug causes severe gastric irritation

C. The drug is inactivated by gastric acid

D. The drug causes severe nausea and vomiting

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11. Flecainide is a

A. Class III antiarrythmic drug

B. Antiplatelet aggregator

C. Class IC Antiarrythmic drug

D. Antihypertensive drug

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12. Hemodynamically stable patients with supraventricular tachycardia, who are not responding to vagal manoeuvres can be treated with:

A. Amiadorone 800-1200 mg/day

B. Adenosine 3-13 mg

C. Lidocaine

D. Betablockers

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13. Edrophonium chloride (Tensilon) is an:

A. Anticholinergic drug

B. Antihistaminic drug

C. Short-acting cholinesterase inhibitor

D. Antiparkinsonism drug

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14. Adenosine has a elimination half life of

A. 1-2 days 

B. 1-6 seconds

C. 4-6 hours

D. 8-12 hours

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15. The drug of  choice in torsades de pointes is:’

A. Lignocaine

B. Procainamide

C. Bretlium 

D. Magnesium Sulphate

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16. The goal of the heparin therapy in a patient with pulmonary embolism is to prolong the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) to;

A. 2 to 3 times the control

B. 1 ½ -2 times the control

C. To keep same as control

D. To keep 1 ½ times below the control

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17. Over dosage of heparin is treated with:

A. Warfarin

B. Protamine sulphate 50 mg given IV over 10 minutes

C. Ethamsylate

D. Vitamin K1

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18. Aspirin, NSAIDs, and acetaminophen can act by:

A. inhibiting the synthesis of prostaglandins.

B. increasing the production of prostaglandins.

C. activating the cyclooxygenase enzymes.

D. releasing histaine from the mast cells and basophils.

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19. Contraindications to aspirin include:

A. peptic ulcer disease and GI bleeding

B. history of hypersensitivity reactions

C. impaired renal function.

D. All of the above

Answer Key

20. Which of the following NSAIDs is a propionic acid derivative:

A. ibuprofen

B. diclofenac

C. mephanamic acid

D. indomethacin

Answer Key

Answer Key

1. A

2. B

3. C

4. A


6. C

7. D

8. C


10. A

11. C


13. C

14. B


16. B

17. B

18. A

19. D

20. A

This page was last updated on:26/09/2020